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Comments by Scientists

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Mar 31, 2021. Congratulations to Stephen Casper in his successful thesis defense! Click here to read his thesis.

Mar 31, 2021. Congratulations to Dimitar Karev in his successful thesis defense! Click here to read his thesis.

Mar 31, 2021. Congratulations to Jake Schwenke in his successful thesis defense! Click here to read his thesis.

Mar 18, 2021. Congratulations to Leonardo Pollina in his successful thesis defense! Click here to read his thesis.

Feb 16, 2021. Congratulations to Dr.  Jerry Wang in his successful defense of his Ph.D. thesis!

Feb 1, 2021. New book: Biological and Computer Vision, Cambridge University Press (2021). Click here to see the table of contents.

  Jan 25, 2021. The machine's gambit: AI and chess



Dec 11, 2020. Towards operational and falsifiable definitions to stimulate the dialogue in the neurophilosophy of free will 

 Dec 1, 2020. Should models of cortex be falsifiable? 



Oct 20, 2019. Congratulations to Jie Zheng for winning the Blackrock Human Single Neuron short presentation award at SFN!

consciousness templetonOutlandish competition seeks the brain’s source of consciousness. Science 2019.

Check out the new neurophysiolosophy of free will web site

August 8th -- August 29th, 2019. Brains, Minds and Machines summer course

July 03,2019. Congratulations to Dr. Joseph Olson in his successful defense of his Ph.D. thesis!

sestri levanteJun 25-26, 2019. Limitations of Deep Learning Workshop. Sestri Levante, Italy

easy on the eyesMay 31, 2019. Easy on the eyes

BrainMind SummitMay 5, 2019. Computational confessions of the human brain. Gabriel Kreiman. Presented at the BrainMindSummit at MIT

XDreamMay 02, 2019. Artificial Intelligence created these bizarre faces -- and monkey neurons love them. Science

XDreamMay 02, 2019. Machine learning optimizes images for stimulating monkey neurons. The Scientist

XDreamMay 02, 2019. AI evolved creepy images to please a monkey brain. The Atlantic

XDreamMay 02, 2019. Neuroscientists peer into the mind's eye. Science Friday

XDreamMay 02, 2019. A picture that does a monkey's head in. Cosmos

XDreamMay 02, 2019. Computer program reveals what neurons in the visual cortex prefer to look at. Medical XPress

XDreamMay 02, 2019. These trippy images were designed by AI to super-stimulate monkey neurons. Science Daily Science News

Apr 25, 2019. Mind, Brain, and Behavior poster showcase. William James Hall Library. Duncan Stothers on "A Deep Learning Model for CNS Development" and Farahnaz Wick on "A computational model of hybrid visual search"

Neurophilosophy of Free WillMarch 21, 2019. Philosophers and neuroscientists join forces to solve the problem of Free Will. Science.


March 14-18, 2019. Second International Conference on Neuroscience and Free Will. Chapmann University

FreeWillBrain institute receives over $7 million for research on neurophilosophy of free will

Museum of Science Our Brains Our FutureMarch 16, 2019. Brain Awareness Week at the Boston Museum of Science. Seeing with the Mind’s Eye: An Exploration of Visual Attention. Farahnaz Wick

Museum of Science Our Brains Our FutureMarch 16, 2019. Brain Awareness Week at the Boston Museum of Science. The brain's functional interactome. Jerry Wang

Mesoscopic interactions in the human brainMarch 14, 2019. Brain's Twitter Conference 2019. Mesoscopic scale functional interactions in the human brain. Link to tweets: 1 2 3 4 5 6

Apr 14,2019. Congratulations to Dr. Mengmi Zhang in her successful defense of her Ph.D. thesis!

March 7, 2019.Finding Waldo. Zero-shot invariant visual search. Gabriel Kreiman @ Systems Neuroscience Club.

What do visual neurons really like? Insights from joint computational modeling and neurophysiological experiments. March 4, 2019. Gabriel Kreiman @ Cosyne, Lisbon, Portugal.

Automatically uncovering preferred stimuli of visual neurons using generative neural networks. Feb 28, 2019. Will Xiao @ Cosyne, Lisbon ,Portugal.

Feb26, 2019. The brain's operating system. Discussion of CBMM Module 2 @ Harvard led by Gabriel Kreiman, Will Xiao, Jerry Wang, Xavier Boix, Jerry Wang

Congratulations to Alice Motschi, who successfully defended her thesis! Feb 25, 2019

Congratulations to Vincent Jacquot, who successfully defended his thesis! Jan 19, 2019


Human Single Neuron Conference 2018 @ Caltech. Nov 1-2, 2018

Computational Neuroscience at HarvardHarvard Brain Initiative: Bridging Theory and Data in Neuroscience. Oct 11, 2018



Congratulations to Matthias Tsai, who successfully defended his thesis! September 10, 2018

kreiman summer lunch neuroscienceAug 2018. Summer Student Lunch on Neuroscience



August 28, 2018. Congratulations to the Summer Course Google X fellows (Hongru Zhu and Benjamin Scellier) and the Hidary Foundation fellow (Josefina Correa)

CBMM 2018 Summer CourseAug 2018. Brains, Minds and Machines Summer Course

KLAB is going camping in Acadia July 20-22, 2018

June 2018. Harvard Medical School. Global and Continuing Education. Global Pediatrics Leadership Program. Understanding cognition by peeking inside the human brain, by Gabriel Kreiman.

EricWuCongratulations to Eric and Kevin Wu, who successfully defended their theses! May 8, 2018



EleonoraIaselliCongratulations to Eleonora Iaselly, who successfully defended her thesis! April 11, 2018


April 2018. McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT. BrainScan. Spring 2018. Issue 44. Engineering Intelligence

April 2018. Brains, Minds and Machines Summer Course now on MIT's Open Courseware

Apr 9th, 2018. Deadline to apply for the Brains, Minds and Machines 2018 Summer Course

March 26th, 2018. Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society. Symposium. Episodic Memory Formation: From Neural Circuits to Behavior. Boston, MA. Organized by Prof. Rutishauser and Prof. Kreiman.

March 21st, 2018. "Learning scene gist with convolutional neural networks to improve object recognition", by Prof. Kreiman. IEEE conference on Computation and Information Sciences and Systems, Princeton, NJ.

March 11th, 2018. "Biophysics of intelligence: how cognition emerges from neural computations", by Prof. Kreiman. Harvard Program in Biophysics 18th Annual Mini-Symposium. Cambridge, MA.

January 30th, 2018. "The brain's operating system", by Prof. Kreiman. University of Pennsylvania, Computational Neuroscience Initiative.

January 18th, 2018. "Peeking inside the brain's operating system", by Prof. Kreiman. GoogleX-MIT Joint symposium on brains and computation. Mountain View, CA.


December 17th, 2017. "From biological intelligence to artificial intelligence", by Prof. Kreiman. International Research Center for Neurointelligence. International Symposium. Tokyo, Japan.

Fall 2017: Harvard Neuro 130 / 230 Class. Visual recognition: computational and biophysical mechanisms

September 3rd, 2017. Congratulations to the Summer Course Google X fellows (Kasper Vilken and Thomas O'Connell) and to the Hidary Foundation fellow (Heather Kosakowski)

August 13th - September 3rd, 2017. Brains, Minds and Machines Summer Course. Woods Hole, MA.

August 11th, 2017. MSRP Summer Poster Session. MIT.

August 10th, 2017. Caltech. 30th anniversary of Computational and Neural Systems.

August 8th, 2017. “A journey from soccer and chess to neuroscience and artificial intelligence”. Summer Student Lunch on Neuroscience. Open to all high school & undergraduate students doing summer work at Harvard. Sponsored by the Harvard Brain Science Initiative.

July 27th, 2017. Single neuron recordings in the human brain. Summer Educational Program in Neuropsychiatric Functional Neuroimaging. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

July 26th, 2017. How studying brains can help us get a deeper vision. Keynote lecture at CVPR workshop.

July 2017. William Lotter defended his thesis. Congratulations!

July 2017. Charlotte Mormann defended her thesis. Congratulations!

June 27th, 2017. Neurons don't play dice. Sigtuna Foundation Conference on Free Will.

March 27th, 2017. AAAI annual meeting. The science of intelligence, Stanford, CA.

February 2017. Gabriel Kreiman receives the McKnight award for Neuroscience research.

January 2017. An issue of Language, Cognition and Neuroscience devoted to localist representations and grandmother cells. Link to speciall issue. Link to our article.


September 2016. Biological and computational mechanisms of object recognition. Neuro 130 / 230 class.

September 2016. Brains, Minds and Machines summer course

August 2016. Wendy Fernandez presents a poster at the MIT Summer Research Poster session. List of posters.

July 2016. Variability in spike train responses is not intrinsic to neurons

July 2016. Epilepsy, the great teacher. Gabriel Kreiman at the Harvard Longwood Epilepsy Grand Rounds.

June 2016. Biology of Brain Disorders 2016. Gabriel Kreiman presented: "Translation of putative non-coding RNAs and potential implications for brain disorders". Dublin, Ireland.

June 2016. Brain, Minds and Machines Workshop. Gabriel Kreiman presented: "Pattern completion: from neural to computational codes". Sestri Levante, Italy.

June 2016: Gabriel Kreiman participated in: Deep Learning: Theory, Algorithms and Applications workshop at the Center for Brains Minds and Machines

May 2016: Leyla Isik, Jedediah Singer, Joseph Madsen, Nancy Kanwisher, and Gabriel Kreiman present: Probing human intracranial visual responses with commercial movies at the Visual Science Society Annual Meeting 2016

May 2016: Longwood Medical Area Ophthalmology Conference. Gabriel Kreiman presents: Visual Recognition: How it works and what to do when it doesn't work.

May 2016: Gabriel Kreiman presented at the SIAM (Society of Industrial Conference and Applied Mathematics) in Albuquerque New Mexico. Read more here

April 2016: Prof. Kreiman gives lecture: How free is Free Will? at the 34th Annual Interdisciplinary Series hosted by the University of Chicago.

March 2016: Prof. Kreiman gives a lecture at the 50th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems (CISS) at Princeton. More information can be found here.

March 2016: Gabriel Kreiman to present at Harvard Mind, Brain and Behavior Initiative. Mind Control: Past, Present and Future

Feb 2016: Biophysical principles of brain oscillations and their meaning for information processing. Cosyne Workshop.

Jan 2016: Quantitative Methods Workshop. MIT

Jan 2016: Neural Information Processing Systems Review NIPS 2015


Dec 2015: Hanlin Tang succesfully defended his Ph.D. thesis. Congratulations!

Dec 2015: NIPS Symposium: Brains, Minds and Machines

Dec 2015: The roles of recurrent and feedback computations in cortex. Gabriel Kreiman. NIPS Symposium. Montreal.

Dec 2015: Predicting episodic memory formation. Gabriel Kreiman. NIPS Workshop. Montreal.

Dec 2015: Applications open for Brains, Minds and Machines Summer Course 2016. Poster.

Nov 2015. The neuronal representation of information in the human brain. Book Review by Edmund Rolls.

Nov 2015: Biomedical informatics to understand and cure the human brain. Gabriel Kreiman at SHILAC 2015, Puerto Rico.

Nov 2015. Garrett Lam from the Kreiman lab wins Rhodes Scholarship

Nov 2015. Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting. Nanosymposium. The Nature and Significance of Neuronal Variation. Richard Born and Gabriel Kreiman.

Nov 2015. Towards high level visual prosthetics to help the visually impaired. Gabriel Kreiman. Lighthouse Guild. New York.

Oct 2015. Lighthouse Guild Recognizes Krzysztof Palczewski, PhD and Gabriel Kreiman, PhD for Their Outstanding Contributions to Vision Science | Virtual Press Office press release

Oct 2015. Ayotunde Odejayi presents his summer research project at the 3rd annual Black Doctoral Network Conference. Atlanta, GA.

Sep 2015. Inception: towards high-level brain machine interface for the visually impaired. Gabriel Kreiman. Wills Eye Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA.

Sep 2015. Pattern completion during visual recognition. Gabriel Kreiman. Brown University.

Sep 2015. CBMM Workshop. A Turing++ Question: Who is there?

Aug 2015. Building Intelligence. MBL Catalyst.

Aug 2015. The course of the mind. Steven Ashley.

Aug 2015. Brains, Minds and Machines Summer Course -- Woods Hole, MA. Aug-13-2015 through Sep-02-2015. Link to YouTube videos.

June 2015. The neuronal representation of information in the human brain. Book review by Edmund Rolls. Brain (2015). 138:3459-3462.

June 2015. Kreiman lab alumn Arjun Bansal pushes Deep Learning Start-up Nervana

May 2015: The formation of episodic memories in the human brain. Gabriel Kreiman. Klingenstein-Simons Meeting. New York.

May 2015: Lighthouse Guild Recognizes Krzysztof Palczewski and Gabriel Kreiman for Their Outstanding Contributions to Vision Science

April 2015: Biological and computational codes in vision. Gabriel Kreiman. Singapore.

March 2015: New patent awarded. Identifying and modulating molecular pathways that mediate nervous system plasticity. PDF

March 2015: Pattern completion in the brain. Gabriel Kreiman. Vanderbilt University.

Jan 2015: Towards understanding the role of feedback in cortex. Richard Born and Gabriel Kreiman. Harvard Mind, Brain and Behavior Retreat.


Nov 2014: Human Single Unit Conference. Baltimore, MD.

Aug 2014: Understanding what happens inside the mind. MIT Technology Review

Dec 2014: 'Junk' DNA codes for proteins too!

Sep 2014: Brain prosthesis devices to improve memory. Article 1. Article 2. Article 3.

June 2014: Hacking the Soul

May 2014: Brains, Minds, and Machines. A Special Topics Course at MBL, Woods Hole, MA - Flyer


December 2013: Brainlike Computers, Learning From Experience

October 2013: Introduction to the new Center for Brains, Minds and Machines

September 2013: MIT News - Artificial-intelligence research revives its old amibitions

September 2013: Center for Brain Science- $25 million NSF grant to team including 6 CBS faculty

June 2013: - Deciphering Neural Codes

May 2013: Charla del neurocientifico Gabriel Kreiman "Reconocimiento visual: modelos y neuronas"

April 2013: Adevarul - Existenta liberului arbitru, pusa sub semnul intrebarii de o serie de studii neurologice

January 2013. Deciphering neural codes. NSF Career Award Snapshot.


May 2012: Neurologistas e neurocirurgioes discutem desafios comuns


December 2011:Frontiers in Perception Science -- Special Issue on "The timing of visual recognition"

September 2011: Taking Aim at Free Will

June 2011: New Findings on Free Will


Nov 2010: Sociefy for Neuroscience Career Development Award Link 1 Link 2 Link 3

September 2010: OnlyHardwareBlog - Improving Cognition In Computers

August 2010: USNews - Improving Cognition In Computers

May 2010: NSF Career Award

Jan 2010: Stanley Anderson receives NIH K08 award


September 2009: Announcement of New Innovator Awards


March 2008: See our discussion about "grandmother" cells in TICS 2008 (see also the cover at TICS)


Sept 2006: We moved! We are now at Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School

April 2006: Brain researchers see visual role for growth factor

Comments By Scientists

Quarterly Review of Biology. Neurobiology. (2013)

Scientific American. How Free is Your Will? Daniela Schiller and David Camel. (2011)

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Internally generated preactivation of single neurons in human medical frontal cortex predicts volition" (2011)

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Widespread transcription at neuronal activity-regulated enhancers" (2010)

Nature News and Views. Enhancers make non-coding RNA. Bing Ren. Nature (2010)

Neuron Preview. The speed of categorization in the human visual system. Simon Thorpe. Neuron (2009) 62:168-169

Dangers of Brain-O-Vision. Daniel Wegner (2007). Science 315:1078

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Object selectivity of local field potentials and spikes in the macaque inferior temporal cortex" (2006)

Nature News and Views: Friends and grandmothers. Charles E. Connor. Nature (2005) 435:1036-1037

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Gene expression changes and molecular pathways mediating activity-dependent plasticity in visual cortex".

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain" by Quiroga et al.

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Consciousness and Neurosurgery" by Crick et al.

Faculty of 1000 recommendation on "Single neuron correlates of subjective vision in the human medial temporal lobe" by Kreiman et al.

Single neurons track your conscious vision - Science and Consciousness Review - 08/02/2002 [htt://]

Imagine... Peter Collins. Nature Reviews Neuroscience (2001) 2:9

Nature Neuroscience News and Views: Coding for visual categories in the human brain. Charles Gross. Nature Neuroscience (2000) 3:855-856

Comments By Journalists


Neuron 2011 See paper || See media

Nature 2010 See paper || See media

Neuron 2009 See paper || See media

Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2008 See paper || See media

Cerebral Cortex 2008 See paper || See media

Nature Neuroscience 2006 See paper || See media

Neuron 2006 See paper || See media

Science 2005 See paper || See media

Nature 2005 See paper || See media

Genome Biology 2004 See paper || See media

Neurosurgery 2004 See paper || See media

PNAS 2002 See paper || See media

Nature Neuroscience 2000 See paper || See media

Nature 2000 See paper || See media


Trends in Cognitive Science, March 2008

Neuron, 2014